LITTLE ROCK, AR -- November is American Diabetes Month, Nearly 26 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes. Another 79 million Americans have pre-diabetes and are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. The American Diabetes Association estimates that the total national cost of diagnosed diabetes in the United States is $245 billion. Of those diagnosed with diabetes:
Two out of three people with diabetes die from heart disease or stroke. Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure. Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults. The rate of amputation for people with diabetes is 10 times higher than for people without diabetes.
There are two major forms of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep blood sugar at normal levels.
Eat healthy and maintain a healthy weight. Eat more fruits and vegetables and avoid foods that are high in sugar, trans fat, and saturated fat. Exercise! 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week is the recommended regimen. Stop smoking. Smoking increases your risk for complications associated with diabetes such as a heart attack or stroke. Stop by your local pharmacy and have your pharmacist check your blood sugar.
Blue is the National Diabetes Awareness color and Thursday, November 14th is the National Wear Blue for Diabetes Day. In support of American Diabetes Month, we are challenging the public to email pictures of their class, employees, business, etc. wearing blue to by midnight on Friday, November 15th. All submissions received by this deadline will be entered into a drawing for a UAMS College of Pharmacy sponsored party.