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Major Types Of Diabetes

Major Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes:

Results from the body�s failure to produce insulin, the hormone that �unlocks� the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them. It is estimated that 5-10% of Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.

Who is at Greater Risk for Type 1 Diabetes?

  • Siblings of people with type 1 diabetes
  • Children of parents with type 1 diabetes


Type 2 Diabetes:
Results from insulin resistance (a condition in which the body fails to properly use insulin), combined with relative insulin deficiency. Most Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.

Who is at Greater Risk for Type 2 Diabetes?
  • People with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and/or impaired fasting glucose (IFG)
  • People over age 45
  • People with a family history of diabetes

  • People who are overweight

  • People who do not exercise regularly

  • People with low HDL cholesterol or high triglycerides, high blood pressure

  • Certain racial and ethnic groups (e.g., Non-Hispanic Blacks, Hispanic/Latino Americans, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, and American Indians and Alaska Natives)

  • Women who had gestational diabetes, or who have had a baby weighing 9 pounds or more at birth


Gestational Diabetes:
Gestational diabetes affects about 4 % of all pregnant women-about 135,000 cases in the United States each year.

Pre-diabetes is a condition that occurs when a person�s blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. There are about 54 million Americans who have pre-diabetes, in addition to the 20.8 mil
lion with diabetes.

Source: American Diabetes Association
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